Rate this post

Generating Schema.ps1 for the Granfeldt FIM/MIM PowerShell Management Agent

Getting started writing your first Forefront/Microsoft Identity Manager Granfeldt PowerShell Management Agent can be a bit daunting. Before you can do pretty much anything you need to define the schema for the PSMA. Likewise if you have written many, the generation of the schema file often seems to take longer than it should and can be a little tedious when all you want to do is write the logic for the Import and Export scripts.

After a few chats with Soren around enhancements for the PSMA I suggested it would be awesome if the generation of the schema.ps1 file could be (semi)automated. So here is my first stab at doing just that.

My approach is;

  • Using PowerShell get an object that represents an object that will be managed on the PSMA
  • Enumerate the Properties of the PSObject and generate the Schema script accordingly
  • All that is left to do afterwards is;
    • define your anchor
    • define the name of the ObjectType
    • combine multiples if your MA will have multiple ObjectClasses
      • Update $obj to $obj2 etc for any additional object classes residing in the same schema file

Below I provide four examples covering the script that generates the schema definition along with the output. The four examples cover;

  • Azure AD User
  • Azure AD Group
  • Workday User
  • Flat File CSV

Example 1: Azure Active Directory User

The example below utilises the AzureAD PowerShell Module to connect to Azure AD. It then gets a User Object (update line 7 for a user to retrieve) and enumerates the properties of the User to generate the Schema file.

The output looks like this:

$obj = New-Object -Type PSCustomObject
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "Anchor-YourAnchorATTR|String" -Value ""
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "objectClass|String" -Value "YourObjectClass"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "AccountEnabled|boolean" -Value $true
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "AgeGroup|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "AssignedLicenses|String[]" -Value ("","")
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "AssignedPlans|String[]" -Value ("","")
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "City|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "CompanyName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "ConsentProvidedForMinor|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "Country|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "CreationType|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "DeletionTimestamp|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "Department|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "DirSyncEnabled|boolean" -Value $true
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "DisplayName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "ExtensionProperty|String[]" -Value ("","")
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "FacsimileTelephoneNumber|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "GivenName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "ImmutableId|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "IsCompromised|boolean" -Value $true
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "JobTitle|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "LastDirSyncTime|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "LegalAgeGroupClassification|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "Mail|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "MailNickName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "Mobile|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "ObjectId|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "ObjectType|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "OnPremisesSecurityIdentifier|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "OtherMails|String[]" -Value ("","")
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "PasswordPolicies|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "PhysicalDeliveryOfficeName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "PostalCode|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "PreferredLanguage|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "ProvisionedPlans|String[]" -Value ("","")
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "ProvisioningErrors|String[]" -Value ("","")
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "ProxyAddresses|String[]" -Value ("","")
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "RefreshTokensValidFromDateTime|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "ShowInAddressList|boolean" -Value $true
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "SignInNames|String[]" -Value ("","")
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "SipProxyAddress|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "State|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "StreetAddress|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "Surname|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "TelephoneNumber|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "UsageLocation|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "UserPrincipalName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "UserType|string" -Value "string"

Update the Anchor for the attribute you’d like to use. I recommend ObjectId and give the ObjectClass a name for how you’d like it represented on your MA (User, AADUser or similar) and save it as something like schema.ps1 in you MA folder and you can get started.

Example 2: Azure Active Directory Group

The example below utilises the AzureAD PowerShell Module to connect to Azure AD. It then gets a Group Object (update line 7 for a group to retrieve) and enumerates the properties of the Group to generate the Schema file

The output looks like this:

$obj = New-Object -Type PSCustomObject
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "Anchor-YourAnchorATTR|String" -Value ""
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "objectClass|String" -Value "YourObjectClass"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "DeletionTimestamp|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "Description|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "DirSyncEnabled|boolean" -Value $true
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "DisplayName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "LastDirSyncTime|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "Mail|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "MailEnabled|boolean" -Value $true
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "MailNickName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "ObjectId|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "ObjectType|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "OnPremisesSecurityIdentifier|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "ProvisioningErrors|String[]" -Value ("","")
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "ProxyAddresses|String[]" -Value ("","")
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "SecurityEnabled|boolean" -Value $true

Update the Anchor for the attribute you’d like to use. I recommend ObjectId and give the ObjectClass a name for how you’d like it represented on your MA (Group, AADGroup or similar) and save it as something like schema.ps1 in you MA folder and you can get started.

Example 3: Workday User

The example below utilises the Workday PowerShell Module to connect to Workday. It then gets a User Object (update line 7 for a user to retrieve) and enumerates the properties of the User to generate the Schema file.

Update

  • Line 6 for your ServiceName and Tenant.
  • Line 13 for an object to retrieve

This script differs from AAD User and Group above in that the PowerShell Object returned uses NoteProperty as the type. So I updated Line 14 for that. Also the attribute when parsed by Get-Member includes a value so I had to get a substring of the result for the attribute name. That is what this change does:

$d[1].substring(0,$d[1].indexof("="))

The output looks like this:

$obj = New-Object -Type PSCustomObject
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "Anchor-YourAnchorATTR|String" -Value ""
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "objectClass|String" -Value "YourObjectClass"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "BusinessTitle|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "FirstName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "JobProfileName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "LastName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "Location|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "PreferredName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "UserId|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "WorkerDescriptor|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "WorkerId|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "WorkerType|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "WorkerTypeReference|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "WorkSpace|string" -Value "string"

Example 4: Flat File CSV

The example below utilises a sample CSV file with headers. It uses the Header row to generate the Schema file. It defaults all columns to strings.

Update;

  • Line 2 for your CSV File Name

The output looks like this (for my CSV File):

$obj = New-Object -Type PSCustomObject
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "Anchor-YourAnchorATTR|String" -Value ""
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "objectClass|String" -Value "YourObjectClass"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "id|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "name|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "displayName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "comments|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "created|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "endDate|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "lastLogon|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "modified|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "startDate|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "status|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "type|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "groups|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "costCenter|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "country|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "department|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "division|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "email|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "employeeNumber|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "familyName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "givenName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "honorificPrefix|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "honorificSuffix|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "locale|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "location|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "manager|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "middleName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "organization|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "phoneNumber|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "preferredLanguage|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "preferredName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "secondaryEmail|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "secondaryPhoneNumber|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "timezone|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "title|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "risk|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "WorkerWid|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "WorkerDescriptor|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "WorkerId|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "OtherId|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "JobProfileName|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "WorkSpace|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "WorkerTypeReference|string" -Value "string"
$obj | Add-Member -Type NoteProperty -Name "WorkerType|string" -Value "string"
$obj

Summary

Using a simple script and an example object we can quickly create the basis for a Granfeldt PSMA Schema Definition script.
As shown with the Workday example a minor tweak was required, but it was still a lot quicker than generating manually.

Hopefully this helps you get started quickly with your first, or next PSMA that you are building.

Category:
FIM, PowerShell
Tags:
, , ,

Leave a Reply