In the previous post, we implemented IOperationFilter of Swashbuckle to handle example objects with combination of AutoFixture. According to Swagger spec, it doesn’t only handle JSON payloads, but also copes with XML payloads. In this post, we’re going to use the Swashbuckle library again to handle XML payloads properly.

The sample codes used in this post can be found here.


The sample application uses the following spec:

Built-In XML Support of Web API

ASP.NET Web API contains the Httpconfiguration instance out-of-the-box and it handles both JSON and XML payloads serialisation/deserialisation. Therefore, without any extra efforts, we can see those Swagger UI pages showing both JSON and XML payload.

As Swashbuckle is a JSON-biased library, camelCasing in JSON payloads is well supported, while XML payloads is not. All XML nodes is PascalCasing, which is inconsistent. How can we support camel-case on both JSON and XML? Here’s the tip:

It’s a little bit strange that, in order for XML to support camel-casing, we should change JSON serialisation settings, by the way. Go back to the Swagger UI screen and we’ll be able to find out all XML nodes except the root one are now camel-cased. The root node will be dealt later on.

Let’s send a REST API request to the endpoint using an XML payload.

However, the model instance is null! The Web API action can’t recognise the XML payload.

This is because the HttpConfiguration instance basically uses the DataContractSerializer instance for payload serialisation/deserialisation, but this doesn’t work as expected. What if we change the serialiser to XmlSerializer from DataContractSerializer? It would work. Add the following a line of code like:

Go back to the screen again and we’ll confirm the same screen as before.

What was the change? Let’s send an XML request again with some value modifications.

Now, the Web API action recognises the XML payload, but something weird happened. We sent lorem ipsum and 123, but they’re not passed. What’s wrong this time? There might be still the casing issue. So, instead of camel-cased payload, use pascal-cased XML payload and see how it’s going.

Here we go! Now the API action method can get the XML payload properly!

In other words, Swagger UI screen showed the proper camel-cased payload, but in fact it wasn’t that payload. What could be the cause? Previously we set the UseXmlSerializer property value to true for nothing. Now, all payload models should have XmlRoot and/or XmlElement decorators. Let’s update the payload models like:

Send the XML request again and we’ll get the payload!

However, it’s still not quite right. Let’s have a look at the actual payload and example payload.

The example payload defines ValueRequestModel as a root node. However, the actual payload uses request as declared in the XmlRoot decorator. Where should I change it? Swagger spec defines the xml object for this case. This can be easily done by implementing the ISchemaFilter interface of Swashbuckle.

Defining xml in Schema Object

Here’s the sample code defining the request root node by implementing the ISchemaFilter interface.

It applies the Visitor Pattern to filter out designated types only.

Once implemented, Swagger configuration needs to include the filter to register both ValueRequestModel and ValueResponseModel so that the request model has request on its root node and the response model has response on its root node. Try the Swagger UI screen again.

Now the XML payload looks great and works great.

So far, we’ve briefly walked through how Swagger document deals with XML payloads, using Swashbuckle.

Application Development and Integration, WebAPI
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